Glossary


Alan Mathison Turing OBE FRS (23 June 1912 – 7 June 1954) was an English computer scientist, mathematician, logician, cryptanalyst, philosopher and theoretical biologist.
An android is a humanoid robot or synthetic organism designed to look and act like a human, especially one with a body having a flesh-like resemblance.
Anthropomorphism is the attribution of human traits, emotions, or intentions to non-human entities.
The Avengers are a fictional team of superheroes appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics.
Bioethics is the study of the ethical issues emerging from advances in biology and medicine. It is also moral discernment as it relates to medical policy and practice. Bioethics are concerned with the ethical questions that arise in the relationships among life sciences, biotechnology, medicine, politics, law, and philosophy.
Computer-generated imagery (CGI) is the application of computer graphics to create or contribute to images in art, printed media, video games, films, television programs, shorts, commercials, videos, and simulators.
A cyborg (short for 'cybernetic organism') is a being with both organic and biomechatronic body parts.
A wearable mobile machine that is powered by a system of electric motors, pneumatics, levers, hydraulics, or a combination of technologies that allow for limb movement with increased strength and endurance.
To create the illusion of depth, the IMAX 3D process uses two separate camera lenses that represent the left and right eyes.
The Loebner Prize is an annual competition in artificial intelligence that awards prizes to the computer programs considered by the judges to be the most human-like.
Manga are comics created in Japan or by creators in the Japanese language, conforming to a style developed in Japan in the late 19th century. They have a long and complex pre-history in earlier Japanese art.
The term mecha may refer to both scientific ideas and science fiction genres that center on giant robots or machines controlled by people. Mechas are typically depicted as humanoid mobile robots.
Neo-noir (English: New-black; from the Greek neo, new; and the French noir, black) is a style often seen in modern motion pictures and other forms that prominently use elements of film noir, a cinematic term used primarily to describe stylish Hollywood crime dramas, but with updated themes, content, style, visual elements or media that were absent in film noir of the 1940s and 1950s.
A robot (also called a droid) is a machine - especially one programmable by a computer - capable of carrying out a complex series of actions automatically.
The Sundance Film Festival, a program of the Sundance Institute, is an American film festival that takes place annually in Park City, Utah.
Iron Man (Anthony Edward 'Tony' Stark) is a fictional superhero appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics.
The Turing test, developed by Alan Turing in 1950, is a test of a machine's ability to exhibit intelligent behaviour equivalent to, or indistinguishable from, that of a human.
Watson is a question answering computer system capable of answering questions posed in natural language, developed in IBM's DeepQA project by a research team led by principal investigator David Ferrucci.

The Glossary uses material from the Wikipedia resources linked to above and is used on various pages where those terms appear.

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